A trip to Pamukkale is an iron destination for many tourists in Turkey. Much has already been said and written about Pamukkale, but there are still questions bothering travelers: “Is it worth going there?” and “Is it true that Pamukkale will soon be closed to visitors?” Below I will try to provide you with the most important information about this amazing place and dispel any doubts related to visiting it.
The beautiful white terraces in Pamukkale arose from limestone deposits travertine since Roman times. This porous sedimentary rock, usually white, consists of calcite and aragonite and is a variation of the so-called necrotic necrosis. It is formed as a result of the loss of carbon dioxide from the solution when groundwater flows to the surface. The pressure of such water drops sharply, and calcium carbonate precipitates from the solution. In addition, animal and plant remains often occur in travertine. Travertine has been used for making statues and vessels as well as building material since antiquity. It is also currently used in construction as decorative material.
In 1997, a walking route closed through natural terraces was closed for tourists, and an alternative route was prepared for them instead. It leads along the southern part of Pamukkale, along an artificial channel. Thermal water flows through it, filling prepared pools. The concrete dams that created this route are now completely covered with limestone deposits. The flow of thermal waters is carefully regulated in a way that ensures an even supply of both natural and artificial pools.
Pamukkale was created due to the presence of 17 thermal springs, from which water with a temperature from 35 up to nearly 100 degrees Celsius is extracted on the earth’s surface. The water flows down under the slope of the Cökelez Mountain, leaving behind limestone deposits and filling the troughs formed in them.
Pamukkale limestone terraces are located within the national park and are protected by UNESCO. As early as in the 1980s, hotels operating in the upper slope contributed to the drying of thermal springs and the progressive degradation of terraces. They were demolished and Pamukkale was covered by a special revitalization program.
Access to the terraces of natural terrain is strictly forbidden, although you can apply for a special permit, allowing them to explore more thoroughly.
Few buses reach Pamukkale itself – most of them reach Denizli, where you have to change to another bus, dolmusz or a taxi. In the summer season there are direct bus routes to Pamukkale from Selçuk and Kuşadası (around 30 TL).